Total joint arthroplasty is indicated when both the cup and the ball gets worn out. This is the most commonly done surgery and has good results in terms of pain and activity level. These surgeries may be cemented (where the artificial prosthesis are fixed to the bone with bone cement) or uncemented.
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Knee is considered to be one of the most important joint in the body as it plays a leading role in bearing the body weight. Knee is the most common joint that gets worn out with age. Patients with diseases such as osteoarthritis, hemophilia, gout, rheumatoid arthritis etc. may also require knee replacement. When the knee joints get damaged, it is necessary to be replaced. The prosthesis used in joint replacements varies depending on patient factors and cost. The replaced knee can last for upto twenty five years depending on the activity level of the patient.
Shoulder replacement surgery is an option for treatment of severe arthritis of the shoulder joint. Arthritis is a condition that affects the cartilage of the joints. As the cartilage lining wears away, the protective lining between the bones is lost–when this happens, painful bone-on-bone arthritis develops. Severe shoulder arthritis is quite painful, and can cause restriction of motion. While this may be tolerated with some medications and lifestyle adjustments, there may come a time when surgical treatment is necessary.
Ankle replacement surgery is used to treat the pain and immobility of severe end stage arthritis that has not responded to non-surgical treatments. The goal of ankle joint replacement surgery is to eliminate your pain and increase the mobility of your ankle joint. Arthritis is a general term covering numerous conditions where the joint surfaces wear out. The joint surface is covered by a smooth articular surface made of cartilage that allows pain free movement in the joint. This surface can wear out for a number of reasons. Often the definite cause is unknown. When the articular cartilage wears out, the bone ends rub on one another causing pain. There are numerous conditions that can cause arthritis and often the exact cause is never known.
Revision or redo hip and knee reconstruction is becoming common in India. Revision is required for patients whose
primary replacement implants have failed due to varied reasons (wear and tear, infection and primary failure).
Surgical experience is a critical ingredient while addressing to a variety of issues encountered during revision surgeries.
Complex revision joint replacement surgery is one of the most technically challenging interventions in orthopaedics.
The team at Institute of Orthopaedics has vast experience in complex revisions and reconstructions of the hip and knee involving the use of allografts, porous tantalum material, non cemented metaphyseal sleeves and custom revision components.